Wednesday, 14 June 2017

Five Things You Can Do With The Flashcards



Hi, everyone!

Flashcards take an important role in learning English, especially for young learners. Flashcards can help the children to understand better towards the topic given. Flashcards always bring fun activities. It depends on how we deliver it, though. It takes some time to think about the ways.

Preparation
Prepare a set of flashcards with the same part of speech. For instance: flashcards of stationery (Nouns), flashcards of Verbs, flashcards of clothes we wear, flashcards of famous landmarks in the world and so on. You can download this link to get a lot of flashcards that you need. 


Double-sided flashcard. Source: Pinterest

So, let’s start using the flashcards with the following ways:

1.     Vocabulary building
·    Introduce the flashcards to the children. Either you do Q/A about the pictures or simply show and tell about them. Use two-sided cards (as what you get from the link above). Side one is the picture and side two is the word. After showing each picture, make sure you also show the children the word. Repeat this activity twice.
·      It’s time for guessing game. Show the picture and ask, “What picture is this?” Give the clue if the children fail to recall it. For instance, “This picture begins with letter P.” Whether they can answer it or not, always show the name of the picture to them. Say the word and ask them to repeat after you. Hopefully they can recall it better.



2.    Spelling bee
·      Show a picture to the children. Ask them to spell and read the word of the picture. You may go like this:
You    : What is this picture?
Child  : Pencil case.
You    : Good. Please spell and read the word.
Child  : P-E-N-C-I-L—C-A-S-E … pencil case.
You    : Excellent!

Note: for most of Indonesian young learners, they get mixed up spelling the letters:  “a”, “e”, and “i”. Sometimes they also forget the “r” which is almost sounded like “a” in Indonesian language. Drilling those 3 vowels frequently is really necessary.

3.     Q/A
·        You can discuss and give questions to the children about the pictures on the flashcards. You can give the knowledge about the history of the chocolate, for instance, if you happen to show the picture of chocolate. Just give a short information. You can also ask the function something.
     
      You may go like this:

You    : What is this picture?
Child  : Lion.
You    : What does the lion eat?
Child  : Chicken.
You    : Ok. The lion eats meat. Chicken is also the meat. Zebra is   also    the meat. (giving knowledge)
Child  : Rabbit, too?
You     : Yes, rabbit is also the meat.
Child  : Poor rabbit.
***********************************************
You    : What is this picture?
Child  : Crayon.
You    : Correct. What is the crayon for?
Child  : For drawing.
You    : Alright. Crayon is for colouring, too.



4.    Writing sentences
·     Show the picture to the children. Ask them to write sentences about it. You may give a different picture to each child. On the other hand, you may also give the same picture for them. Make sure that they create their own sentences without doing copycat.
·      Tell them to write at least 5 words on the sentence. Make sure that you had guided them how to arrange the sentence properly before. However, for a zero based English learner, he/she may go with a very simple sentence as a start, such as: “I have apples.” Just make sure that he/she DOESN’T WRITE: “I have an apples.” or “I have a apple.”
·       Always encourage and motivate the children to write. They must give a try in writing.
·     Sense their writing ability. If they tend to be clueless, then it is you who gives the sentence example first.

     So you may go like this:

You     : What is this picture?
Child  : Cat.
You    : Watch me. I’m making a sentence by using the word “cat”.  “I SEE A CAT ON THE TREE.” (write it on the board)
            How many words on my sentence? Let’s count together. One-two-three-four-five-six-seven. There are seven words. Now I’m showing you a card. And I want you to make a sentence about it. Give me at least five words. Do you understand?
Child  : Yes.
You    : Good. So, this is a picture of … (show a picture)
Child  : Zebra.
You    : Wonderful! Now you make a sentence by using the word “zebra”.
Child  : I SEE A ZEBRA ON THE TREE. (writing on the board)
You    : A good sentence. Well done. (grin)
***********************************************
If that happens, quickly give correction on how to make a sentence properly. Although the sentence is grammatically correct and has correct spelling, please explain to the child that we normally don’t see a zebra on the tree. A zebra lives freely in the savannah and it doesn’t climb a tree. Then, show the child a better sentence, for example:
“A ZEBRA IS STANDING UNDER THE TREE.” J

5.     Making Chained-Sentences
·       Show a flashcard picture. Tell the children how to play the game. You can also join the game. The more, the merrier, right? It is a chained-sentence game. You have to do it verbally with the children. This is the game rule:

-         Child 1: Start a sentence with the name of the picture given.
-     Child 2:  Continue making a free sentence with the last word of the previous sentence as the first word. Insert the sentence with the word of next flashcard given.
-         Child 3:  Do the same thing as above.
-         You: Show the flashcards and join the game

Here is an example activity to help you:.

You                   : (show the first flashcard of “glasses”) Make a sentence with this        picture!
             Child 1              : My mum wears glasses everyday.
You                   : Good job! (show the second flashcard of “pencil” to the next child)     Continue the sentence. Start with the last word before and insert    this new word.
Child 2             : Everyday I bring a pencil to school.
You                : Awesome! (show the third flashcard of “book” to the next child) Ok, continue, please.
Child 3           : School has so many books to read.
You                : Wonderful! Ok, this is my turn. (show the next flashcard of “train”) Read a book on the train,” said my mum.

And so on and go on. You find it interesting, right?

Remember to deliver the activities above in a fun way. I hope that your children enjoy learning by using flashcards. Keep learning, keep teaching and keep sharing. 


Eureka,

Miss Frida


Flashcards reference: learnenglishkids.britishcouncil.org 

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